Public Health Review: International Journal of Public Health Research 2020-12-31T08:54:11+00:00 Dr D Sharad Gedam Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: left;"><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2349-4166 (Online)</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2349-4158 (Print)</a></strong></em></p> Impacts on dietary habits and health of Indian population during COVID-19 lockdown 2020-12-30T06:41:18+00:00 Ramasamy Rajesh Kumar Saravanakumari Arumugham Dhanaraj Rashmi Saini Punita Kumari Priyanka Roy Sayan Paul <p>In late 2019 the outbreak of a novel infectious coronavirus (SARS CoV2) which became global pandemic and named as Coronavirus disease (CoViD-19) World Health Organization (WHO). On 22 March, 2020 the Prime Minister of India announced and 14 hours’ public curfew and from 24 March, 2020 announced sudden complete lockdown. The sudden complete lockdown made changes in the living habits and social behaviors of public. Web based survey was conducted among the Indian population of different age groups to understand the impacts on dietary habits and health during the sudden complete lockdown in India.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society A study of breast-feeding practices among rural women 2020-12-30T12:32:22+00:00 Dr. Santosh Patel Dr. Kamlesh K Nigam Dr. G. Chitti Babu Dr. SLDV Ramana Murty Kadali <p>Introduction: Breastfeeding is an unequalled way of providing ideal food for the healthy growth and development of infants. As per the national family health survey-3 (NFHS-3), only 46% of the Indian infants between 0 and 6 months are exclusively breastfed. Hence the following study was done to know the practice of breastfeeding in mothers of rural and urban areas of India.</p> <p>Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in a rural and urban area, which is under the administrative control of a tertiary care hospital. All lactating mothers having babies up to 1 year were included in the study.</p> <p>Results: The mean age was 26.73 years (SD = 2.53), and 40.4 % of mothers were below 20-24 years of age. A large proportion (77.8%) were of the Hindu faith. Most mothers had education beyond primary school. 35.1% of participants were mothers of 2 or more children. A large percentage (74.7%) of study participants were delivered in a hospital. Exclusive breastfeeding was practiced by 73.1% of mothers. 78.3% of a mother gave first breast milk i.e. colostrum to their new-borns. Still, 46.3% of mothers feed their child with honey, Ghutti, plain water, artificial milk, sugar water, etc., before starting breastfeeding.</p> <p>Conclusions: The counseling should be continued after the delivery of the baby for continuous education to the mother about the proper care of newborn, initiation of breastfeeding, the information regarding the advantages and duration of breastfeeding, the importance of colostrum feeding, the timing of weaning needs to be provided.</p> 2020-12-30T11:41:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Assessment of patient satisfaction with inpatient services at secondary level setting 2020-12-31T08:54:11+00:00 Dr. Saravanakumari Arumugham Dhanaraj Dr. D. Thamarai Selvi Dr. Ramasamy Rajesh Kumar Dr. Sayan Paul <p>Background: Continuous quality improvement is linked to the use of timely and useful feedback from clients. Patients constitute the hospital’s direct clientele. The overall satisfaction is an important aspect of the service itself and it is considered to be an important outcome measure for health services. Patient care is not considered to be of high quality unless the patient is satisfied.</p> <p>Objective: To assess the level of satisfaction with available health services among inpatients attending secondary level hospital.</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using pretested, semi-structured questionnaire among 100 inpatients attending Government Hospital Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu. Systematic random sampling was used.</p> <p>Results: 96% participants were satisfied with the attitude of doctors and nurses, 80 % were highly satisfied with the cleanliness of hospital campus,82 % were highly satisfied with lab services, 83% satisfied with food services. 92% were satisfied with the speedy admission to the ward, 74% satisfied with the ward facilities. 86 % gave a neutral response for other amenities,26 % satisfied with a drinking water facility. Overall satisfaction among inpatients was a mean of 3.9 out of 5 (78%). Socio-demographic characteristics were not significantly related to overall satisfaction scores.</p> <p>Conclusion: Patients were generally satisfied with the hospital facilities. Patients input on various deficiencies needs to be addressed by the hospital leadership to achieve consumer delight.</p> 2020-12-30T13:01:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Item test analysis to assess the difficulty index for biostatistics, epidemiology, and demography module of undergraduate medical students of Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India 2020-12-30T14:40:08+00:00 Dr. Nirmal Verma Mr. Swapnil Shinkar Dr. Kamlesh Jain <p>Background: “Psychometry” has been developed as a branch of psychology that deals with the measurement of psychological traits or mental abilities like intelligence, aptitude, opinion, interest, personality, or scholastic achievement. Term Examination or Test series are being increasingly used in such an assessment. “Item Analysis” examines student responses to individual test items to assess the quality of those items and test as a whole to improve or revise items and the test.</p> <p>Objective: To assess the difficulty Index of third-year undergraduate students towards the biostatistics, epidemiology, and demography module. Materials and</p> <p>Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study was conducted among 130 undergraduate medical students for Internal and External examination using a set of 3 questions related to the Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Demography module after 25 hours of teaching. Data were collected and entered in Microsoft Excel and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 23.0 software.</p> <p>Results: The majority of study subjects were females (57.7%), Hindu by religion (90.0%), studied in English Medium School (79.2%). Only 14.6% of them took Biology with Mathematics subjects during higher secondary studies. Approximately 52.3%, 78.5%, and 74.5% of study subjects correctly solved questions of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Demography in the External Examination. The Difficulty of Biostatistics relative to Epidemiology was 7.3 times higher than the Epidemiology relative to Demography in the External Examination.</p> <p>Conclusion: Biostatistics module was more difficult than other modules for Undergraduate medical students.</p> 2020-12-30T14:05:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society