A Critical Review on the Effect of Particulate Matter (PM) in Air on Public Health

  • Debraj Mukhopadhyay Department of Public Health, School of Allied Health Sciences, Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University (DPSRU), New Delhi, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4856-9012
  • Dr. J. Swaminathan Assistant Professor, School of Allied Health Sciences, Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University (DPSRU), New Delhi, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8301-0663
  • Dr. Arun Kumar Sharma Director & Professor, Department of Community Medicine, University College Medical Sciences (UCMS) & Guru Teg Bahadur (G.T.B) Hospital, University of Delhi (D.U), Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India
  • Dr. Soham Basu Research Scholar, Institute of Forest Ecology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University, Brno, Czech Republic https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5368-2058
  • Parth Patel H. K. College of Pharmacy, Jogeshwari West, Mumbai Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Dattatreya Mukherjee MBBS Student and Research Assistant, International School, Jinan University, Guangzhou, P.R China https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7566-3843
Keywords: Air Pollution, Suspended Particulate Matter, Respiratory Illness, Cardiovascular diseases, Cerebrovascular diseases


According to the World Health Organization (WHO), particulate matter (PM) contamination causes around 800,000 premature deaths per year, ranking 13th in the world in terms of mortality. However, several findings revealed that the correlation is much stronger and more complicated than previously believed. PM is an element of emissions comprised of very small, acidic, organic compounds, metals, and particulate soil or dust particles or fluid droplets. The most consistent air quality component linked to human illness is PM, which is categorized by size. PM is likely to develop cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disorders due to the mechanisms of inflammation, overt and indirect coagulation activation, and direct translocation to the systemic circulation. The evidence on the cardiovascular system that shows a PM effect is strong. Coronary incidence and mortality rates in populations prone to long-term PM toxicity were significantly higher. Short-term acute emissions increase coronary incidence rates subtly within days of the pollution peak. While some evidence and associated mechanisms show a smaller outcome, the findings for PM’s cortical disease symptoms are not as promising. Respiratory infections are aggravated by exposure to PM. More analysis is needed to clarify the effects of structure, chemistry, and PM for vulnerable groups. The existing research indicates that PM toxicity causes a minor but significant increase in human morbidity and mortality. Air conditioners and particulate matter filters reduced internal heating, and cooking combustion and smoking cessation will reduce indoor PM exposure. These fundamental improvements can be beneficial to patients with acute and chronic cardiovascular and respiratory symptoms. This article provides an overview of the effects of atmospheric airborne suspended particulate matter on population morbidity and mortality. This critical review concludes with public health recommendations based on a summary of the published literature’s findings.


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DOI: 10.17511/ijphr.2021.i02.02
Published: 2021-04-30
How to Cite
Debraj Mukhopadhyay, Dr. J. Swaminathan, Dr. Arun Kumar Sharma, Dr. Soham Basu, Parth Patel, & Dr. Dattatreya Mukherjee. (2021). A Critical Review on the Effect of Particulate Matter (PM) in Air on Public Health. Public Health Review: International Journal of Public Health Research, 8(2), 13-22. https://doi.org/10.17511/ijphr.2021.i02.02
Review Article