Study on infant feeding practice among children up to 6 months in an urban slum of Bhopal
Introduction: High morbidity and mortality among the under 5 children are highly prevalent in India. Appropriate child feeding practices in the initial six months of age act as a preventive intervention against childhood morbidity and mortality.
Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban slum to study various feeding practices prevalent among children up to 6 months of age. Also associated socio-demographic factors were studied. SPSS software version 25 was used to analyze the results.
Results: The study included 55 children up to 6 months of age. Out of these 76.4% were exclusively breastfed. Among 45.5%, breastfeeding was within 1st hour of the birth. 56.4% have received pre-lacteal feeds, while 72.72% received colostrum. The educational status of the mother and place of delivery were major determinants of appropriate infant feeding practices.
Conclusion: Most mothers are practising exclusive breastfeeding. Colostrum was fed to most of the children. Animal milk was given in cases where initiation of breastfeeding was delayed.
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